Volume 1, Number 1, 1998

Contents

1. Ambiguities in Policymaking and Administration: A Typology ...................................................................................................1

    I. Sharkansky and A. Friedberg

2. Information System Outsourcing: A Literature Review and Agenda for Research ..............................................................17

    S. M. Sherrie

3. Chester Barnard's Fourth Door ......................................................................................................................................................45

    E. B. Smith

4. Organizational Culture and Standardized Programs: A Practitioner's Guide to Implementation ..................................... 63

    D. L. Fraser and R. J. Stupak

5. Attribution Theory and the Glass Ceiling: Career Development among Federal Employees ...........................................93

    D. Daley

6. Understanding and Managing Physicians Restructuring Through Organizational Theory ...............................................117

    J. M. Kiel

 

ABSTRACT. Physician restructuring i occurring rapidly as physic.i ans are read il y lea ving ol o practice and joining g roup practices. including multi- pecialty g roup practice . Orga ni zational theory provides a f ra mework for the rationale a nd ma nage ment of phy sician restructuring in thi s e nv ironment of managed care. Throug h studying Open Systems Theory. Popul at ion Ecology a nd Strateg ic Adaptat ion Model , Institutiona l Theory. Re ource Dependency Theory. Group Theory. Exchange Theory. and Transaction Cost Eco nomics, one can better understa nd the envi ronment. a nd operationa l a nd management i sue· which surrou nd physician group restructuring.

ABSTRACT. This article examines the current state of understanding of outsourcing by organizations, especially as it applies to information systems (IS). Both supporting and opposing arguments are presented, along with the relevance of this practice for the public sector. Finally, a research agenda to study the impact of outsourcing on employees and organizations is proposed.

ABSTRACT. Individuals who are not promoted or miss out on developmental opportunities suffer career setbacks that can greatly , and adversely , effect motivation and productivity. Attribution theory examines the causal inferences that subordinates themselves hold as to why they failed to receive promotion or were denied a developmental opportunity. The glass ceiling phenomenon also read ily lends itself to attributional interpretations. Using the 199111992 Career Development (Glass Ceiling) Survey conducted by the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board , this study first looked at the barriers to promotion. In general, a pattern emerges in which attributions viewed as long-term and beyond the control of the individual to remedy are strongly attested to. Added to these general perceptions are heightened concerns expressed by women and minorities that the biases and in-group, buddy systems operate even more adversely against them.

ABSTRACT. Chester Barnard tells us he went through phases in his own life which showed him that the individual can and should grow as a result of belonging to an organization. This article suggests that this is Barnard's most enduring contribution to the study of management.

ABSTRACT. Standardized programs are those programs in which all or more of the procedures and processes are performed in a certain way. This article will explore the purposes and logic of these kinds of programs and the role organizational culture can play in implementing them.

ABSTRACT. Ambiguity appears in many settings.   Published  reports of Israel 's   State  Comptroller,  the  supreme  audit  body,  provide material to  illustrate a  typology of  where  ambiguity occurs  in Israeli  policymaking and administration, under what conditions, and with what effects.    Although the examples reflect peculiarities of one country's politics, the typology used to array them offers wider application.  Although the disadvantages of ambiguity are emphasized   in   the   reports   of   the   State   Comptroller, the implications are not entirely negative.

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