Volume 6, Number 2, Summer 2003

CONTENTS
REGULAR ARTICLES
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Money Ethic,
the Protestant Work Ethic, and Job Satisfaction:
Taiwan, The USA, and the UK ................................................... 175
T. L-P. Tang, A. Furnham and G. M.-T. Wu Davis
Unanticipated Failures of Well-Intentioned Reforms: Some
Lessons From Federal And Local Governments ....................... 195
Gabris and D. M. Ihrke
SYMPOSIUM
Back to the Future: A Symposium on the Continuing
Influence of Philosophical Thought on Twenty-First
Century Organizations: Part II .................................................. 226
P. L. Cruise and C. E. Lynch
John Locke's Continuing Influence on Organization
Theory and Behavior Entering the 21st Century ...................... 227
M. F. Griffith
Invisible Hand and Visible Management .................................... 244
D. J. Farmer
The Legacy of David Hume for American Public
Administration: Empiricism, Scepticism, and
Constitutionalism ........................................................................ 281
M. W. Spicer
Moral Conscience in Burkean Thought: Implication of
Diversity and Tolerance in Public Administration .................. 304
A. Haque

ABSTRACT. Sparked by the September 11 event, ethnic and religious diversity in the American culture has opened a new dialogue about tolerance to foreign cultures and religions. Using Burke's views about morality and religious tolerance, this paper argues how ethical guidelines of public administrators ought to be sought from a universal moral law derived from natural principles and constitutional values of the regime. The argument focuses on Burkean prudence as a practical application of moral law and a guide for public administrators in a diverse global environment. Furthermore, it argues civil law to be inadequate in situations where the majority favors a particular opinion against a minority population. By acknowledging a universal moral law, public administrators can play a dual role as individuals building human relations in a diverse culture, and as public servants upholding Constitutional values to preserve the integrity of public institutions.

ABSTRACT. This paper explores the relevance of Adam Smith's invisible hand and the remainder of his legacy for public management. The paper's central claim is that, by approaching Adam Smith and his legacy, public managers can assist themselves to do what they should do – examine their latent assumptions. The first of three challenges in approaching Adam Smith's ideas is to get Smith right, because he has been widely misunderstood. The second is to question Smith's account of conceptual space; it is desirable to go beyond him. The third challenge is to explore in specific terms the potential for public management of an understanding of Smith and his legacy.

ABSTRACT. This paper examines the ideas of David Hume and their importance to American public administration writing and practice. Hume's ideas on empiricism, scepticism, and constitutionalism have indirectly, via their impact on modern philosophy, encouraged both support for and criticism of empiricist approaches in public administration. Also, Hume's ideas on constitutionalism, because of their influence on the Founders' writings and design, provide an important legacy for the practice of public administration. The paper argues that Hume's notion of mitigated scepticism, as well as his constitutional ideas, have continuing relevance for the study and practice of contemporary public administration.

ABSTRACT. This article is about John Locke who was a British philosopher that profoundly influenced the founders of the United States, the principles upon which the United States was established, and the American system of administration. Many influential leaders in America today acknowledge that the government is Lockeian, which is only the beginning of the continuing importance of Locke for the 21st century. While Locke pre-dated the formal study of organizational theory and behavior many of his ideas directly influence those fields--particularly his ideas on education and economy.

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