Volume 10, Number 1, Spring 2007

CONTENTS
REGULAR ARTICLES
Administrative Decentralization in Bangladesh:
Theory and Practice .......................................................................... 1
M. A. H. Mollah
Past Working Experience Foretells Future Employment
Relationship Quality ......................................................................... 36
V. Bellou
SYMPOSIUM
Symposium on Workplace Bullying ................................................ 51
D. McCormack, G. Casimir and N. Djurkovic
Symposium Introduction ................................................................ 52
D. McCormack, G. Casimir and N. Djurkovic
Organizational Changes: A Precursor of Bullying at Work? ......... 58
A. Skogstad, S. B. Matthiesen and S. Einarsen
Leadership, Working Environment and Workplace Bullying ....... 95
M. O'Moore and J. Lynch
Personality Traits of Bullies as a Contributory Factor in
Workplace Bullying: An Exploratory Study .................................... 118
E. Seigne, I. Coyne, P. Randall and J. Parker
BOOK REVIEW
Understanding Social Psychology across Cultures: Living
and Working in a Changing World ................................................ 133
C. Pressley

ABSTRACT. In the present paper direct as well as indirect relationships between organizational changes and exposure to bullying at work are investigated. Interpersonal conflicts are hypothesized to mediate changes on bullying. Data from a sample of 2408 Norwegian employees confirmed that different organizational changes were moderately associated with task-related bullying at work, and that exposure to more changes increased the likelihood of being bullied. Structural equation modelling supported the assumption that changes were directly related to bullying. However, the hypothesis that changes were mediated on bullying through interpersonal conflicts was not supported. Results indicate that organizational changes and interpersonal conflicts are separate, and mainly independent, precursors of bullying at work.

ABSTRACT. This paper examines the relationship between personality characteristics — as indexed by the ICES Personality Inventory (Bartram, 1994; 1998) and the IBS Clinical Inventory (Mauger, Adkinson, Zoss, Firestone & Hook, 1980) — and bullying behavior. Although it proved to be difficult to obtain a large enough sample of bullies, the findings indicated that bullies are aggressive, hostile, and extraverted and independent. Furthermore, bullies are egocentric, selfish, and show little concern for the opinions of others. High levels of aggressiveness, assertiveness, competitiveness and independence are traits that are also associated with leadership.

ABSTRACT. Overall employee satisfaction may be used as a referral point when trying to understand or explain a dissatisfying incident. In this context, this study examines if, in case of a major dissatisfying organizational incident, employees' prior overall view of their employment relationship changes their perception of current employment relationship's quality. Specifically, it is expected that job satisfaction, perceived organizational support (POS), organizational identification, and organizational loyalty cause significant differences among employees, with regards to their beliefs about contract breach after a major organizational change. The study took place in Greece, where organizations that had recently gone through a merger or acquisition (MorA) were asked to allow employee participation in the study. Independent t-tests confirmed most of the hypotheses stated.

ABSTRACT. A postal National Survey of the workforce in Ireland (N = 1057) found that six per cent of respondents claimed to have been bullied frequently, with a further 17 per cent bullied occasionally, over the previous 12 months. Of those who had been bullied, 67 per cent described the style of leadership in their organizations as autocratic, 15 per cent as laissez-faire, and 18 per cent as democratic. Whilst 72 per cent of non-bullied respondents reported that their working environment was friendly, only 47 per cent of bullied respondents reported that their working environment was friendly. Furthermore, 39 per cent of bullied respondents claimed to work in a hostile environment. There were significant differences between bullied and non-bullied respondents with regard to working conditions, with the exception of the level of challenge, and significant differences in all aspects of the perceived working climate, with the exception of a variable atmosphere.

ABSTRACT. Administrative Decentralization seeks to redistribute authority, responsibility and financial resources for providing public services among different levels of government. Administrative Decentralization is the transfer of responsibility for the planning, financing and managing of certain public functions from the central government and its agencies to field units of government agencies. This paper will search for a common theoretical framework of decentralization, then analyzes and assesses the initiatives for decentralization of administration that have been constructed after the emergence of Bangladesh. The major issues and problems of implementation of the decentralization policies in Bangladesh are also discussed suggesting policy measures. This paper is analytical in nature.

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