Volume 16, Number 1, Spring 2013

CONTENTS
REGULAR ARTICLES

A Theory of Participation for 21st Century Governance ................................. 1
V. L. Edwards

SYMPOSIUM

Symposium on Organizational Innovations and Responses for
Universal Equilibrium, Part II ............................................................................ 29
S. Tripathi

Three Paradigms in Management: American, Japanese and
Indian ..................................................................................................................... 30
S. Sharma

Work-Life and Life-Work Conflicting Croatian Companies: Some
Perspectives ........................................................................................................ 42
A. Mušura, M. Koričan and S. Krajnović

Revisiting Yoga Sutras for Innovative Paradigms in OD or
Creating Human Model for Organizations ..................................................... 68
M. Kapadia

Do Genetic Traits of Humans Influence Approaches to
Entrepreneurship: A Comparative Study of Asian Origin
Entrepreneurs in Kenya and Native Kenyan Businessmen ...................... 94
A. Prakash and J. A. Ouma

ABSTRACT. Many Asians migrated to Kenya in the late 19th century. Some of
these Asians have been running successful entrepreneurship ventures,
some of which are over a century old. The study investigated whether there
are any differences in the approach to entrepreneurship between the
businessmen of Asian origin and those of African origin. A questionnaire was
administered to 80 entrepreneurs of Asian origin and 75 of African origin
doing businesses in two major Kenyan cities, Nairobi and Kisumu. The Asian
origin entrepreneurs were more into manufacturing businesses, more
exposed to challenges, and had global education and a higher element of
being next generation entrepreneurs than those of African origin. African
origin Entrepreneurs were more likely to initiate businesses on their own,
enjoyed community support and enrolled for more technical training, but
were more risk averse. This article revolves around the theme of how socioeconomic
evolution affects the way businesses are conducted.

ABSTRACT. This paper presents an evolutionary journey of management
thought through four phases viz. scientific management, human side, ethics
and values and spirituality in management. Further, it presents three
paradigms of management viz. American, Japanese and Indian in term of
three key ideas viz. Kola (derived from Cola), Kaizen and Knowledge. It
suggests that Indian paradigm is rooted in the spiritual view of human
beings and there is a need to bring this view to management and leadership
literature. This paper also makes a comparative analysis of three paradigms
in terms of vision of life, influencing thinkers, dominant ethos and
foundational theories. For future direction of management thinking, an
integration of these three paradigms in terms of a holistic approach to
corporate management is suggested.

ABSTRACT. As we stand on threshold of 3E crisis of economics, ecology and
emotions, organizations need innovative approach to replace the business
model of last era. The business model has reduced humans to either
consumers or resources to produce. My research is based on startling
employee survey results of non-engagement, lack of "heart" and "values" at
work, observing employees and management in different organizations as
human resources head in mindless chasing of profits and devaluing human
potential. My personal journey of practicing Yoga and research of Patanjali
Yoga Sutras have revealed insights, shown the Pathway and given practices
of how human beings can participate in personal evolution creating shift in
organizations' mindset. Inner compass of ethics through self-governance,
truth, non-violence, non-stealing and self- learning as organization
development interventions can create culture of the organization.

ABSTRACT. The emergence of highly vocal populist movements across the globe during 2011 has put the relationship between the public agency and the citizenry under the proverbial microscope, as a common theme among protestors is the lack of the citizen's voice in governance. This article examines the historical back-and-forth that public participation and populism have taken in the United States as well as recent trends in participation theory and research, finding that authentic participation has the greatest prospects of success at the local level. It also provides suggestions for approaches that public agencies and administrators might employ in an attempt to improve the level of both citizen input and citizen satisfaction in local governance, and proposes avenues for future research.

ABSTRACT. With the rapid use of new technologies and longer working
hours, balancing work and one's personal life is becoming more important
from the employees' and employers' perspective. Research suggests that
employees who have greater work-life balance perform better and are less
likely to leave the organization. Additionally, the satisfaction and balance of
life and work also becomes a predictor of job satisfaction and productivity in
the workplace. When organizations put increasing pressure on their
employees and do not manage the above mentioned balances appropriately,
work-life conflict may appear. Work-life and life-work conflict consequently
negatively affects employees, as well as their employers. To analyze which
antecedents can predict work-life balance and conflict in Croatian
companies an online survey was conducted on a sample of 107
respondents. The results showed that work stress factors, job satisfaction,
work-life balance company policies, and level of self-esteem influence worklife
and life-work conflict.

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