ABSTRACT. Past studies on corruption and anticorruption efforts in Africa
lacked the systemic perspective. Yet, efforts of a constellation of state and
non – state anticorruption institutions tends to yield not less but more
corruption. Focusing on Cameroon (West Africa), this study is a holistic
attempt at an institutional appraisal of the scope and effectiveness of the
anticorruption system. It is based on a thorough description and a critical
analysis of essential structures, functions and processes of the system, with
an emphasis on their missions, goals, activities, structures as well as their
actual outcomes and limitations. The researcher suggests that, because of
the numerous structural and functional weaknesses, Cameroon's anticorruption
system has failed. Clear suggestions for effective reform of the
system and rapid corruption minimization are made.
ABSTRACT. This study aims to investigate workplace stress and its related
patterns (sources, patient interactions, and coping strategies) among health
care employees in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Academic research in
this area is limited, and the globalization of health care services requires an
examination of areas that have the potential to affect employee
performance – which ultimately impacts health care service and quality.
Based on a sample of 175 employees from both public and private health
care organizations, results indicate the primary source of workplace stress is
role ambiguity, while the lowest cause of stress is patients. The primary
coping strategy used by our sample participants is productiveness and
activity. Our findings are useful to healthcare management in order to
address employee stress-related concerns, and increase the quality of
health care provided.
ABSTRACT. This paper describes how Avoidant Organization Disorder, a
common form of narcissism, thwarts organizational health and performance.
Avoidant Organization Disorder is juxtaposed with interruptions in
organizational learning. A model illustrating the possible relationship
between the two and how Avoidant Organization Disorder may precipitate
interruptions in organization learning is presented.
ABSTRACT. This study has a twofold goal. First, we examined perceptions of
organizational politics as viewed by the academic staff in a public university.
Second, we tested the potential mediating effect of perceptions of politics on
the relationship between social capital and work outcomes. We surveyed
142 junior and senior faculty members of a large public Israeli university and
tested several competing models. Major results, based on Structural
Equations Model (SEM) analysis, indicate that the mediating model has
several advantages over the direct effect model. In addition, a revised, mixed
model provided additional advantages. The models are compared and
discussed. Finally, implications of the findings and recommendations for
future studies on internal politics and social capital in academia and beyond