Performance-Based Contracting: Are We Following the Mandate? ……………………...................……..… 301
N. Buchanan and D. E. Klingner
Use of E-Procurement in Turkey’s Public Health Sector …………............................................................… 333
Predicting Engineering and Schedule Procurement Cost Growth for Major DoD Programs …..................... 362
C. J. McDaniel and E. D. White III
Public Procurement and Contracting in Bangladesh: An Analysis of the Perceptions of Civil Servants …… 381
M. R. Islam
Highlights of a GAO Forum: Federal Acquisition Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century ……… 400
U. S. Government Accountability Office
ABSTRACT. Acquisition of products and services from contractors consumes about a quarter of discretionary spending governmentwide and is a key function in many federal agencies. In fiscal year 2005 alone, federal government contracting involved over $388 billion. The work of the government is increasingly being performed by contractors, including in emergency and large-scale logistics operations such as hurricane response and recovery and the war in Iraq. Many agencies rely extensively on contractors to carry out their basic missions. The magnitude of the government’s spending and dependence on contractors make it imperative that this function be performed as efficiently and effectively as possible. Yet, acquisition issues are heavily represented on GAO’s list of government highrisk areas. In the 21st century, the government needs to reexamine and evaluate its strategic and tactical approaches to acquisition. To identify and discuss the key issues confronting the federal acquisition community, the Comptroller General hosted a forum in July 2006 that brought together acquisition experts from inside and outside the government. Participants shared their insights on challenges and opportunities for improving federal acquisition in an environment of increasing reliance on contractors and severe fiscal constraint.
ABSTRACT. Health sector is one of the most important sectors when the size of spending and the number of people and organizations involved are considered. An important characteristic of this sector is the dominance of governments as health care providers and/or financers. This fact has important procurement policy implications. This paper gives a detailed overview of the health sector in Turkey and issues surrounding public procurement in this sector. It presents a model for implementation of eprocurement in Turkey’s public health sector, a discussion about the extent to which e-procurement can solve prevailing problems and suggestions to improve procurement in this sector.
ABSTRACT. This paper analyzes the perceptions of Bangladeshi civil servants towards public procurement and contracting practices in Bangladesh. The interview method was used in the study to analyze the perceptions of the Bangladeshi civil servants towards public procurement and contract-related issues in Bangladesh. The study reveals that civil servants of Bangladesh have diverse and varying perceptions towards public procurement and contracting practices in Bangladesh, even though they share some commonalities. The results of the survey demonstrate that a majority of the civil servants are in general familiar with public purchasing in Bangladesh. While earlier research depicted that almost all the civil servants in the US public agencies were found quite familiar with contracting and outsourcing, this study shows that less than a moderate percentage of the civil servants of Bangladesh is quite or pretty familiar with contracting and/or outsourcing.
ABSTRACT. This paper evaluates an Air Force performance-based service contract against the contracts that were prescriptive in the past. Department of Defense mandated that all service contracts be performance-based by 2005. The goal of the paper is to determine whether this contract, after becoming performance-based, is achieving greater cost savings and better outcomes for government, contractor, and taxpayers. The paper assesses the contract performance standards and how they are measured. The authors analyze the language of the Statement of Work (SOW) before and after it became performance-based. The contractor’s performance is evaluated. Positive incentives are identified and described. Finally, the paper addresses risk assessment issues.
ABSTRACT. Previous research by Moore and White (2005) demonstrated the validity of a two-step regression approach to estimate total procurement cost growth. Although this study produced statistically significant findings, the resultant regression models relied on a predictor variable, First Unit Equipped, that appeared from a historic standpoint to be marginally populated in the database. To mitigate this limitation, this study addresses just two components of possible procurement cost growth for major DoD acquisition programs. These two areas consist of cost growth due to either physical changes to the system or program slippage or acceleration. In narrowing the scope of procurement cost growth, this study discovers more explanatory variables that can be used to predict whether specific types of cost growth will occur, and if so, by what expected percentage.