Volume 8, Number 2, 2008

Leasing as a Strategic Financing Option: The Navy’s Maritime Prepositioned Ships Experience ....................................... 149
J. G. San Miguel, J. K. Shank and D. E. Summers

A Brief History and Review of Purchasing Card Use by the U.S. Government: 1990-2005 ................................................. 174
M. Gupta and R. J. Palmer

Procurement Process Maturity: Key to Performance Measurement ..................................................................................... 200
R. G. Rendon

Toward a Framework for Managing High-Risk Government Outsourcing: Field Research in three Italian Municipalities ..... 215
E. Padovani and D. W. Young

Current Trends of Outsourcing Practice in Government and Business: Causes, Case Studies and Logic ........................... 248
M. M. D. Johnson

PRACTIONERS’ CORNER

Contracting Officers: Turn Off the Time and Material Default Switch .................................................................................... 269
B. Piper

ABSTRACT. This article addresses the increased use of time and material contracts. It explores the reasons and risks of this contract type’s use. Also, it makes several suggestions to pursue alternate contract types when appropriate.

ABSTRACT. After fifteen years of use by U.S. Federal government agencies, purchase cards are still caught in a debate between the drive to improve governmental efficiency and the need to prudently manage and control spending of taxpayer resources. This paper gives decision makers facts by which to evaluate the purchase card experience to date by providing a brief of legislative actions related to purchase cards, analyzing patterns of purchase card spending by Federal government agencies, estimating the potential size of the purchase card program, and identifying the costs and benefits of shifting low-value transactions to the purchase card. The paper concludes with recommendations for government action.

ABSTRACT. Many public sector organizations use outsourcing in an effort to take advantage of a private contractor’s experience and economies of scale, thereby allowing them to provide high quality public services at a low cost. Although it has received considerable attention in the public policy and management literature for almost three decades, outsourcing has not always achieved a municipality’s goals. To address the strategic and managerial issues of outsourcing, we combine a literature review with data obtained from a field study of three Italian municipalities. The resulting framework can assist public sector managers to determine both the services that are the best candidates for outsourcing, and the issues that must be considered in managing the chosen vendors to guarantee high quality and cost-effective results.

ABSTRACT. Recently, leasing has been prominent in the press due to the Air Force’s recent ill-fated attempt to obtain the use of Boeing re-fueling tankers. Forgotten is that, in the early 1980’s, a highly controversial Navy long-term leasing program of Maritime Prepositioned Ships had a different result. However, an unintended consequence of the Navy’s success was that future government leases were practically eliminated. This research examines the issues and parties involved in this unprecedented creative and innovative leasing program for ships used by the Navy’s Military Sealift Command. While the analysis concludes that the Navy’s leasing program was successful and cost effective, laws and policies were changed so that long-term leasing is no longer viable for the strategic financing of military requirements. The case is presented here that existing laws and regulations should be reconsidered so that leased military resources can once again be used to provide and maintain national security.

ABSTRACT. Performance measurement has been receiving increased attention in public organizations. As performance measurement systems begin to take on a central focus by public sector organizations, the challenges of measuring and improving critical organizational processes continue to increase in importance. Furthermore, as the procurement process continues to gain critical importance in public sector organizations, the need to apply specific performance measurement methods to measure and improve the procurement processes is essential for mission success. This article introduces the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM) as a method for assessing, measuring, and improving an organization’s procurement processes. The results of the case study describe the organizational benefits of using a contract management maturity model as a performance measurement, as well as a process improvement method.

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