Volume 4, Number 2, 2004

CONTENTS

The Growth of e-Procurement in American State Governments: A Model and Empirical Evidence ....................... 151
C. G. Reddick


SYMPOSIUM

Symposium on Transforming Defense Acquisition: Entrepreneurial Thinking and Innovative Processes .............. 177
T. S. Reed and M. A. Greiner

Symposium Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 178
T. S. Reed and M. A. Greiner

Keeping Pace: Organizational Barriers to Commercial Product Use in DOD .......................................................... 182
S. J. F. Baron

Evaluation of Competitive Sourcing Performance Work Statement Metrics ............................................................ 210
T. A. Randall, H. S. Brothers and D. T. Holt

Evolutionary Acquisition: An Analysis of Defense Procurement and Recommendations For Expanded Use .......... 238
R. M. Novak, T. T. Sthultz, T. S. Reed, C. C. Wood, J. A. Kirstein, and J. A. Whittle


USEFUL REPRINTS

Federal Acquisition: Increased Attention to Vehicle Fleets Could Result in Savings ................................................ 269
U.S. General Accounting Office


BOOK REVIEW

Government Procurement in the WTO ...................................................................................................................... 284
R. E. Lloyd

ABSTRACT. United States Air Force (USAF) acquisition programs have historically suffered from extended acquisition cycle times and cost and schedule overruns. Department of Defense senior leadership has called for “transformation” of the acquisition process. In this article, we investigate an Evolutionary Acquisition (EA) strategy and the spiral development process. This article presents the case study analysis of three USAF acquisition programs: Global Hawk, B-2 Bomber, and Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV). Data were collected through extensive literature review, interviews with acquisition experts from the three program offices, and completed questionnaires from members of Air Force Materiel Command’s (AFMC) Acquisition Center of Excellence (ACE), Aeronautical Systems Center’s (ASC) Transformation Team, and ASC’s ACE.

ABSTRACT. As a result of the technological boom of the past several decades, high-tech computer and aerospace products are readily available commercially. Typically less expensive and easier to obtain than custom design-and-build products, their value for the Department of Defense (DOD) has become evident. Less accustomed, however, to acquiring high-tech off-the-shelf, the organizational change required to facilitate “commercial-off-the-shelf” (COTS) acquisition has been sluggish and problematic. This paper examines the organizational barriers that have hindered the DOD aerospace transformation from a “design-and-build” acquisition philosophy to COTS. Three barriers were identified from this study: misaligned reward systems, entrenched networks, and historical precedent.

ABSTRACT. Competitive sourcing is the government's term for transferring the operation of an internal process or function to either an external supplier or a reengineered government team. The competitively sourced function is managed through performance metrics. These metrics must be thorough, appropriate and well designed to ensure the government is receiving the level of service required to fulfill its various missions. This research effort develops a performance metric evaluation system that was synthesized from metric design literature, Total Quality Management concepts, and the Government Performance Results Act. Use of the system in a case study is discussed along with how to evaluate the results. Results indicate that some Air Force performance metrics have insufficient and improperly designed metrics.

ABSTRACT. This article examines the development of the Internet and electronic procurement or e-procurement in American state governments. I am interested in discerning the extent of adoption of e-procurement, especially as it relates to the use of the Internet in the procurement function. Specifically, eprocurement is examined with data from a national survey of state procurement officers. The first part of this article demonstrates an e-government growth model as a way of modeling the development of e-procurement. The second part examines the existing literature on e-procurement development and challenges associated with its implementation. The third part constructs an eprocurement index, which measures the adoption rate of electronic procurement in each of the states. This e-procurement index is tested against management, organizational, and economic predictor variables. The results of the eprocurement model indicated positive support for electronic procurement on state management capacity and IT management capacity, indicating that high performing management is a critical catalyst for e-procurement development.

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